Qitqani Kaanatamut nakuutqiaq tariuqmi Kangirsualuup Iluani, unaluuniit Kangiqsualuk ilua, niglaumayuq uqauhinga Ukiuqtaqtumi Tariuq. Tunngahuktittiyuq itqurnarutayuq 57,000 qilalukkanik aadlatlu tariup huradjat maamaktittiyut, tikitpaktaa hivuraanut European nunangit ukunani Scandinavia, Germany unalu Russia.

Taimaa Kangirsualuup Iluani inmat Nunaryuaptikni hivuratqianga ukiuqtaqtumi unalu tuglia ukiuqtaqtumi avatiliriniqmut, hakuilluaqtuq pipkaidjutinganut hilaup aadlangurninnga ayurhautinganillu una pipkaidjutininnga hulilukaarutit ukunatitut imaup hukanninganit aulapkaiyuq havauhikhat.

Tammaqtailiniq Qilalukkanik Kangirhuangani

Imanga Kangiqsualuk ilua katimaniq akhuuqtut ukiuqtaqtumi kuukkat unalu ayurnaqtuq ulipkaat maliillu, talvani hakugiktut Ukiuqtaqtumi anuringit, amihunik tatqirhiutinik auyat aadlangunginnaqtuq hikku piliuqtuq atuqtauyumik avatiliriniqmut uumani nunapta ikitqiaq, mikitqiaq tariuq. Nunaqaqqaarhimayut inungit, ukuatlu tamna Tuniitinnagit ukunuuna Tuniit, Inuit Hivuvaangit, Inuit, Allait Qablunaavyaillu Allait, atuqtait hapkuat haniani hinaa imanga taimaa 6,000 ukiunik. Ublumi, 41 Inuit Allaitlu nunallaangit angikliyuumiqtut hinaanit Kangirsualuup Iluani, ihariagiyut ukuninnga imanga niqikhamut, maniliurniqmut niqit ingilraqvikhaqlu.

Tamna imaqarvinga kuviyuq uumunnga Kangirsualuup Iluani angitqiyauyuq uumannga Mackenzie unalu St. Lawrence kuukkat atayut, hiamitiqtuq uumannga qablunaat nunangat, hilanga napaaqtulik Uyaqallu uumani uataanit uumunnga Laurentian Kingingniq uumani kivataanit Qikiqtaaluup Kingingniq tununnganut.

Uumani uataani hinaa Iluani, hitamauyut Kaanatamutup nakuutqiat kuukkat aturninngit – hapkuat Seal, Kuugjuaraalukmi, Hayes unalu Nelson – tuniyut niqikhanik iqqakut taununnga kuugalaaqtuq tariunginnamut imaqmut. Ukunatitut kangirhuangani uumani Nunaryuaptikni, hapkuat akhuraaluk amihulik ilanga nayugauyut ukuninnga angitqiaq nuutiqniq uuminnga tariup huradjat maamaktittiyut tingmiallu nunaryuaptikni. Auyanguraangat, atauhiq-pingahunit uuma Nunaryuaptikni qilalukkanik utiqpaktut hapkuat uunavyaktumut, itinnaungittunut imanga aminga piiyariami qilalugannualiriamiklu. Qilalugaq tuugalik swim uumannga Qikiqtaaluup Kupaillu Tarrangata ikirasanga imanganut Southampton Island-mi. Nattit nanuillu ingutaaqpaktut hikumi hinaanilu. Amigaitpiaqtuq North American tariuqmi tingmiangit nutqaqpaktut hamunnga auyanguraangat ilaukmat malruuknik nunagiyauyunit tingmiyut pihimayut nunaryuaptiknni akhuurutauyut amihuuninngit.

Kangirsualuup Iluani tammaliqtait tariup hikua qilaminnuaq aadlanit Ukiuqtaqtumi nunangit taimaa pikmat hivuraanit nunauyami napayut. Atuqtaillu angikliyuumiqtuq pipkaidjutininnga ayurhautingit, ukunatitut aadlangurhimayut kuukap kuugalaanga uumannga imaup hukanninganit aulapkaiyuq havauhikhat uumani Manitoba, Ontario uumanilu Quebec. Aadlangurninngit kangirhuup inuuhinganik piliurninnga piniaqtuq, talvuuna, ayurhautipkarniaqtaa maniliurniqmut tunngavinga nakuuninngalu una tariuqmi nunallaangit ihariagiyait Nunamiingaqhimayut Maniliurahuarutit niqikhamut.

Apqutinganik Tammaqtailiniq

Taimaa qaangiutiuq tallimanik ukiunik, tamna akuniraalukmik tammaqtailininnga ukuat Seal, Nelson unalu Kuugjuaraalukmi kuugaq kangirhuangani piyut akhuurninnga. Una munariniq akhuurninnga hivumuuqtuq ihivriuqhugit havaktait Oceans North-kut, tamna Inuit Ingilraaqnitanut Tutquumavinga unalu Iqalliqiyit Taryuliqiyillu Kanatami, ukuatlu paqinmagit Inuit Hivuvaangit-era angunahuarniq nayugaa ihuarhiplugu ihuaqtut kangirhiyuq qanuqtut Nunaryuap angitqiaq amihuaryuit qilalukkanik atuqtut una akhuurutauyut auyami nayugangit.

2016mi, kavamanga Manitoba tuniyaa qanuriliurutinga ihumaliurut ikayuriami hapummigiami qilalukkat ittut kangirhukmi uataanit Kangirsualuup Iluani. Tamna tikinnahuarutinga ihumaliurutinganit pittailigiami nakuungittumik ayurhautigiyuq hapkununnga hapkuat qilalukkanik taimaa amihuangit nakuuqpiaqtillugit. Hapkuat uuktuutigiyauyut ilaliutiyait nunguliqtuq tariup hikua, angikliyuumiqtuq huradjat aadlanik anguyut piinarialaqiyut taimaa pikmat hikuilruanginnaqtuq amigaittumiklu pipkaidjutininnga hulilukaarutingit piliuqtuq halumailrumik, naunaiyainiq ingutaarvingit amigaittullu ingilravigiyauyuq nipiqquqtuninnga. Tammaqtailiniq tariuqmi ilanga kangirhunga talvani qilalukkanik katitiqtut 60 miitami itinnakninngani hapummiutiniaqtuq 90 pusantmik nayuganginnik.

Tamna ihumaliurhimayuq ilaliutiyait munariniq maligamik munarigiami kangirhunga qilalukkanik amihuaryuit ihariaginiaqtaa ikayuqtuq akhuurutauyunit tigumiaqtuuqatauyut, Inuinnait nunagiyanganit, ihariagiyait qilalukkat niqikhamiknik, qilalukkanik-qun’ngiaraimi pulaarniqmut aulapkaiyut, Kuugjuaraalukmi, Manitoba, hivuraanit nuvuanit kangirhup piliuqtuqlu itqurnarutauyuq $5.6 milliat taalanik ukiumi maniliurutininnganik. Havaqatigiiktumik, ihumaliurut iliurainnarialik hapummigiami akhuurutauyuq qilalukkanik nayugangit hivuniptikni nutaqqavut atuqtakhanginnik.

Ocean North-kut ikayuqtut hapkuat akhuurninngit Kangirsualuup Iluani:

  • Piliurninnga kaanatami tariup munariniq nayugangani pingahuuyuni kangirhuangani uumannga Seal, Nelson uumanilu Kuugjuaraalukmi kuukkat talvuuna havaqatigigumik Pulaarviuyut Kaanata, tamna Manitoba kavamanga uumanilu Nunavut Allaitlu nunataarutingit timiqutigiyangit
  • Hapummiutinga tariuqmi imanga Kangirsualuup Iluani munarigiami nunaryuaptikni akhuurutauyut tariup uumayut maamaktittiyuktut ukuatlu tariuqmi tingmiat nuutiqniq naunairiami nunguttailininnga qangaraaluknitat angunahuarniq aturninngit.

 

Path to Protection

Over the past five years, the long-term preservation of the Seal, Nelson and Churchill river estuaries has gained momentum. This conservation effort was advanced by research conducted by Oceans North, the Inuit Heritage Trust and Fisheries and Oceans Canada, including the discovery of a Thule-era hunting camp and enhanced scientific understanding about how the world’s largest population of beluga uses this critical summer habitat.

In 2016, the government of Manitoba released an action plan to help protect the belugas that thrive in the estuaries of western Hudson Bay. The goal of the plan is to prevent adverse impacts on these belugas while the population is still vibrant. These challenges include the decline of sea ice, increased predator access because of longer open-water seasons and more industrial activities that can produce pollution, hydrological shifts and traffic-related noise. Protecting offshore areas of the bay where beluga congregate out to 60 metres depth would protect 90 per cent of their habitat.

The proposed integrated conservation strategy to safeguard the bay’s beluga population will need the support of key stakeholders, from Inuit communities, who rely on the whales as a food source, to whale-watching tourism operators, who are based in Churchill, Manitoba, at the southern tip of the bay and generate an estimated $5.6 million in annual revenue. By working together, a plan can be put in place to conserve crucial beluga habitat for future generations.

Ocean’s North supports these efforts in Hudson Bay:

  • The creation of a national marine conservation area in the three estuaries of the Seal, Nelson and Churchill rivers as a result of collaboration by Parks Canada, the Manitoba government and Nunavut and Cree land claim organizations;
  • The protection of the offshore waters of Hudson Bay to safeguard globally important marine mammal and seabird migrations and ensure the sustainability of traditional harvest practices.

Johnny Mamgark ilagiyailu, Arviat, Nunavut.